Top 10 famous Indian Scientists and their Inventions
Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987) was famous Indian scientist ornithologist and naturalist. Salim Ali also known as "birdman of India". Salim Ali was first Indians to conduct organized bird surveys across India and also he wrote many books on birds that simplified ornithology in India.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was famous Indian mathematician. Srinivasa Ramanujan had practically no formal training in pure mathematics but still he made important contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series, number theory, and continued fractions.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was famous Indian physicist. He won the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics for his outstanding work in the field of light scattering. He discovered that when light pass through a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes its wavelength. This phenomenon is known as Raman scattering (Raman effect). In 1954, he got India's highest civilian award the Bharat Ratna.
4. Homi J. Bhabha
Homi Jehangir Bhabha (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966) was famous indian scientist and nuclear physicist. Homi Jehangir Bhabha also known as "father of the Indian nuclear programme". He was founding director and professor of physics at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). He also gives great contribution in Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) which is now named the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honour. TIFR and BARC under supervision of Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was the basis of development of nuclear weapons for India.
5. Jagadish Chandra Bose
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was famous indian scientist known for different fields of science, he was physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist. He made significant contributions to plant science and he also invented a device for measuring the growth of plants known as crescograph.
6. Satyendra N. Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose (1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist. He is known for his work on quantum mechanics, Bose–Einstein statistics, Bose–Einstein condensate theory. In 1954, he got India's second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan.
7. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was most famous Indian scientist who also served as 11th President of India (2002 to 2007). A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was also known as “Missile Man of India”. He contribute as a scientist at Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). He was closely involved in India's military missile development efforts & civilian space programme and also contribute in the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played important role in India's Pokhran nuclear tests in 1974 & 1998. He got India's highest civilian award the Bharat Ratna.
8. H.G. Khorana
Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) was a biochemist. He got the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for research that presented the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids. He also received the National Medal of Science in 1987 by the President of the United States.
9. S.S. Abhyankar
Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar (22 July 1930 – 2 November 2012) was famous mathematician. He was known for his great contributions in the field of algebraic geometry, Abhyankar's conjecture of finite group theory.
10. S. Chandrasekhar
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an astrophysicist. He won the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the theoretical studies about structure and evolution of the stars.