Chemistry In Everyday Life
Antagonists:Drugs that binds to the receptor site and inhibits its natural function is known as antagonists.
Agonists:Drugs that mimic the natural messenger by switching on the receptor is called as agonists.
Antacids:Its example is Metal Hydroxide.
Antihistamine:Its example is Terfinadine, Cimetidine. Histamine stimulates the secretion of pepsin and HCl in stomach.
Neurological Active Drugs
Tranquilizers:Chemical compound used for the treatment of stress or severe mental diseases. These relive anxiety, stress, irritability, depression, tension by inducing a sense of well being. Examples- Iproniazid, Equanil, Barbiturates are hypnotic that is sleep producing agents.
Analgesic:These drugs reduce or abolish pain without causing mental confusion, paralysis and some other disturbances. Example- Asprin, Analgin, Paracitamol.
Narcotics Analgesics are Morphine, Heroine.
Antibiotics:These drugs inhibit the growth of microorganisms or kill the microorganisms. Example- Penicillin, Tetracycline, Imipenam, Meropenam, Ampicillin, Chloramphinicol.
Antiseptic:Furacine, Soframycine, Dettol (Chloroxylenol + Terpinol), Bithional.
Disinfectant:Apply to lifeless objects. Chlorine(0.2 to 0.4 ppm), SO2 in low concentration.
NOTE: "0.2% solution of phenol is antiseptic while its 1% solution is disinfectant."
Antifertility Drugs:Drug used to control population. Example- Norethindrone, Novestrol.
Food Preservative:Prevent spoilage of food due to microbial growth. Example- Sodium Benzoate, table salt.
It is the calculation of the weight of the protective colloid in milligram to be added to 10 ml of gold solution to prevent its coagulation when 1 ml of 10% of NaCl solution is added to it rapidly.
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