Chemistry Notes Info - Notes for 9, 10, 11, 12, BSc, MSc, Science Quiz, Chemistry GK, Infographics: INNOVATIVE EDUCATION

Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment

Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment

Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment
Elephant's toothpaste is a foamy substance formed as a result of rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Elephant’s toothpaste reaction experiment is generally used for classroom demonstrations as it requires fewer ingredients and makes a "volcano of foam".
Elephant toothpaste

Description:

H2O2 is decomposed by Iodide Ion. Iodide ion is used as a catalyst and these iodide ions come from KI (Potassium Iodide) or NaI (Sodium Iodide). This decomposition reaction liberates water, oxygen and heat.

Materials:

30% H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide)
1 Liter Graduated cylinder
KI (Potassium Iodide) or NaI (Sodium Iodide).
Food Color for fun
Liquid Dish Detergent

Procedure:

1.  Pour 50 mL of 30% H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) in 1 L graduated cylinder.
2.  Then, add 3-4 drops of food color in 1 L graduated cylinder to make colored H2O2 solution.
3.  Then, start adding liquid dish detergent or soap from the side of 1 L graduated cylinder to make a small layer of liquid dish detergent or soap over colored H2O2 solution.
4.  With the help of small beaker add KI or NaI in the cylinder containing H2O2 solution. As a result of reaction, oxygen gas generated and this gas creates large amount of colored foam. This foam comes out of graduated cylinder.

Discussion:

Decomposition of H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) yields O2 (oxygen) and H2O (water). Reaction is catalyzed by I- (Iodide Ion); These Iodide Ion comes from KI or NaI

Reaction-

H2O2 (Aq) + I-1 (Aq) ---> H2O (liquid) + IO- (Aq)
IO- (Aq) + H2O2 (Aq) ---> H2O (liquid) +O2 (g) + I- (Aq)

Overall Reaction-

2H2O2 (Aq) ---> 2H2O (liquid) +O2 (g)

Safety:

Wear proper protective equipment likes hand-gloves and safety goggles when preparing and demonstrating this experiment. Remember concentrated H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) can cause burns.

Video of Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment:






 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz
 Next Page of Science Quiz

Chemical Reactions Quiz Part15

  Chemical Reactions Quiz

Science Quiz by www.ChemistryNotesInfo.com
Chemical Reaction Quiz
This Chemical Reactions Quiz part15 is based on chemical reaction.

1. Chemical Reaction, 2H₂O → 2H₂ + O₂ is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


2. Chemical Reaction, 8Fe + S₈ → 8FeS is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


3. Chemical Reaction, Zn + H₂SO₄ → ZnSO₄ + H₂ is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


4. Chemical Reaction, AgNO₃ + NaCl → AgCl + NaNO₃ is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


5. Chemical Reaction, CH₄ + 2O₂ → CO₂ + 2H₂O is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


6. Chemical Reaction, 2CO + O₂ → 2CO₂ is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


7. Chemical Reaction, Ca(OH)₂ + H₂SO₄ → CaSO₄ + 2H₂O is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


8. Chemical Reaction, Pb + O₂ → PbO₂ is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


9. Chemical Reaction, 2Fe + 6NaBr → 2FeBr₃ + 6Na is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction


10. Chemical Reaction, 2H₂ + O₂ → 2H₂O is a-

Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction



 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz

 Next Page of Science Quiz

Science Quiz Part14

Science Quiz on Measuring Devices

Science Quiz by www.ChemistryNotesInfo.com
Science Quiz
This Science Quiz part14 is based on different measuring devices or measuring instruments used in the field of Science.

1. Distance traveled, displacement is measured by:

Taxmeter
Taximeter
Distancemeter
Displacementmeter


2. Surface tension of the liquid is measured by:

Tacheometer
Tintometer
Tensiometer
Tachometer


3. Temperature is measured by:

Thermometer
Thermusmeter
Hygrometer
Hydrometer


4. Ultraviolet light is measured by:

EW Meter
Electromagnetic Wave Meter
UV Meter
VU Meter


5. Very low pressure is measured by:

Pressure Meter
Voltmeter
Viscometer
Vacuum Gauge


6. Viscosity of a fluid is measured by:

Viscosity Meter
Viscometer
Ostwald Viscometer Principle
Viscosity Measurement Devices


7. Electric potential, voltage is measured by:

Voltmeter
Digital DC Voltmeter
Analog Panel Voltmeter
Ammeter


8. Electrical power is measured by:

Ammeter
Wattmeter
Voltmeter
Voltage Meter


9. Wind direction is measured by:
Quiz of Science MCQs

Wind Vane
Weather Vane
Wind Vane Scale
Wind Vane Meter


10. Fermentation is measured by:

fermentometer
Fermometer
Fermentation Meter
Zymometer



 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz

 Next Page of Science Quiz

Science Quiz Part13

Science Quiz on Measuring Devices

Science Quiz by www.ChemistryNotesInfo.com
QUIZ
This Science Quiz part13 is based on different measuring devices or measuring instruments used in the field of Science.

1. Color is measured by:

Tintometer
Color Meter
Color Identification Devices
Color Measuring Instrument


2. Speed, velocity of the vehicle is measured by:

Speed Detector
Speed Tester
Speedometer
None of the above


3. Lung capacity is measured by:

ECG Machine
Sphygmomanometers
Stethoscopes
Spirometer


4. Blood pressure is measured by:

Digital Blood Pressure Monitor
Clinical Thermometers
Glucometer
Sphygmomanometer


5. Radius of a sphere is measured by:

Ruler
Spherometer
Diameter
Scale


6. Object range is measured by:

Stadimeter
Kilometer
Milimeter
Meter


7. Seismic strain is measured by:

Science Quiz
Strainmetere
Refractometer
Seismicmeter


8. Standing wave ratio is measured by:

Radiometer
SWR Meter
Wave Ratio Meter
Electrometer


9. Distance is measured by:

Distance Meter
Laser Distance
Distance Measurement Device
Tacheometer


10. Revolutions per minute (RPM), speed of aeroplanes, rate of blood flow is measured by:

Tachometer
Tacheometer
Digital RPM Meter
RPM Meter



 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz

 Next Page of Science Quiz

Science Quiz Part12

Science Quiz on Measuring Devices

Chemistry GK by www.ChemistryNotesInfo.com
Science Quiz, Chemistry Quiz, Chemistry GK, Chemistry MCQ, Science GK, Science MCQ, SPECTROPHOTOMETER
This Science Quiz part12 is based on different measuring devices or measuring instruments used in the field of Science.

1. Intensity of the light as a function of the wavelength is measured by:

Spectrometer
Spectrophotometer
Spectroscopy
Color Spectrophotometer


2. Properties of light is measured by:

Spectrometer
Spectrophotometer
Spectroscopy
Color Spectrophotometer


3. Seismic waves (during earthquakes) is measured by:

Seismic Waves Meter
Surface Buoys
Seismometer
Underwater Sensors


4. Amount of the sugar in a solution is measured by:

Saccharometer
Sugar Meter
Glucometer
Sugar Tester


5. Length is measured by:

Ruler
Insurance
Classes
Degree


6. Response to applied forces is measured by:

Watt-hour meter
Q meter
Rheometer
Rotameter


7. Sugar concentration of the sap & syrup is measured by:

Hygrometer
RF/Microwave
Refractometer
Hydrometer


8. Radiant flux of the electromagnetic radiation is measured by:

Radiometer
Electromagnetic Radiationmeter
Audiometer
Electrometer


9. Thickness of the deposited thin films is measured by:

QC Lab Microbalance
Standard Films Microbalance
Quartz Microbalance
Quartz Crystal Microbalance


10. High temperatures is measured by:

Thermometer
Pyrometer
Hygrometer
Pyranometer



 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz

 Next Page of Science Quiz

Science Quiz Part11

Science Quiz

Chemistry GK by www.ChemistryNotesInfo.com
This Science Quiz part11 is based on different measuring devices or measuring instruments used in the field of Science.
Science Quiz

1. Osmotic strength of the solution, colloid is measured by:

Osmosisindicator
pH Meter
Osmometer
Rotameter


2. pH is measured by:

Pyrometer
pH Meter
Ohmmeter
Berometer


3. Illuminance or irradiance is measured by:

Photometer
Light Meter
Quadrat
Load Cell


4. Rotation of polarized light is measured by:

Photometer
Light Meter
Quadrat
Polarimeter


5. Voltage is measured by:

Potentiometer
Orchidometer
Ohmmeter
Ammeter


6. Surface roughness is measured by:

Mass Spectrometer
Mass Flow Meter
Nephelometer
Profilometer


7. Angles is measured by:

Hydrometer
Protractor
Scale
Inkometer


8. Humidity is measured by:

Hydrometer
Glucometer
Psychrometer
Electrometer


9. Fluid density is measured by:

Potentiometer
Pycnometer
Psychrometer
Interferometer


10. Solar radiation is measured by:

Thermometer
Rotameter
Rular
Pyranometer




 Previous Science Quiz

 Home Page of Science Quiz

 Next Page of Science Quiz

Smartphone Chemistry

Chemistry of Smartphone

About 20 years before no one use smartphones but nowadays everyone have a smartphone. Apple iPhone 7 Plus, Google Pixel XL, Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge, LG G5, OnePlus 3, HTC 10 and Huawei Nexus 6P are examples of some popular smartphones. This article is all about chemistry behind smartphones by Chemistry Notes Info.
Smartphones Chemistry

Different Chemistry Elements in Smartphones

Typically smartphone contains many elements like Silver, Gold, Lithium, Praseodymium, Terbium, Yttrium, Gadolinium, Indium, Tin, Oxygen, Carbon, Copper, Tantalum, Silicon, Oxygen, Antimony, Arsenic, Phosphorus and Gallium.

Generally On Average a Smartphone Contains About 

  • 300 mg Silver (Ag having Atomic No. 47, Atomic Mass 107.87)
  • 30 mg Gold (Au having Atomic No. 79, Atomic Mass 196.97)
Battery- Generally smartphones have Li-Ion Battery, this battery have Lithium Cobalt Oxide as a +ve electrode and Carbon or Graphite as a -ve electrode. This -ve electrode release electrons which travel towards +ve electrode as a result provide power to your phone.
Screen- Screen contains following elements which provide color to screen to display visual content.
  •  Praseodymium (Pr having Atomic No. 59, Atomic Mass 140.91)
  • Terbium (Tb having Atomic No. 65, Atomic Mass 158.93)
  • Yttrium (Y having Atomic No. 39, Atomic Mass 88.91)
  • Gadolinium (Gd having Atomic No. 64, Atomic Mass 157.25)
 Touch- Touchscreen takes inputs from user and are transparent, all these are possible due to following elements
  • Indium (In having Atomic No. 49, Atomic Mass 114.82)
  • Tin (Sn having Atomic No. 50, Atomic Mass 118.71)
  • Oxygen (O having Atomic No. 8, Atomic Mass 16)
Wiring- Wiring or electrical circuits are made up of copper and capacitors are made up of Tantalum. Capacitor store regulate electricity and loose electrical charge in fraction of seconds.
  • Copper (Cu having Atomic No. 29, Atomic Mass 63.55)
  • Tantalum (Ta having Atomic No. 73, Atomic Mass 180.95)
Microchip- Microchip or CPU (Central Processing Unit) also called brain of smartphone is made-up of silicon, oxygen, antimony, arsenic, phosphorus and gallium. All these elements are used to produce highly conductive powerful microchips so you can play games, watch videos, click photos, use your phone camera for taking selfy, audio video recording, calling, chatting, using apps like whats app, facebook, twitter or whatsoever stuff you like to do with your smartphone is possible due to chemistry.
  • Silicon (Si having Atomic No. 14, Atomic Mass 28.09)
  • Oxygen (O having Atomic No. 8, Atomic Mass 16)
  • Antimony (Sb having Atomic No. 51, Atomic Mass 121.76)
  • Arsenic (As having Atomic No. 33, Atomic Mass 74.92)
  • Phosphorus (P having Atomic No. 15, Atomic Mass 30.97)
  • Gallium (Ga having Atomic No. 31, Atomic Mass 69.73)

What's Inside Your Smartphone

Smartphone chemistrySmartphone is made-up of different components which are assembled to make smartphones, like display (to show visual content), touchscreen (to take inputs from user), cameras (to take photos, selfy and to shoot videos), microphone (to receive audio or to record sound), case (body of phone), battery (to provide power), sim card slot (for sim), speakers (for sound, to listen music), sensors (for different purpose like ambient light sensor for light intensity means automatically set screen brightness according to surrounding light and ultimately save battery life, gyroscope and accelerometer to play video-games as these sensor tracks phone movement, digital compass to detect north direction for maps and nevigation, proximity sensor used to prevent unwanted touch commands by locking phone during phone call when you bring phone near your ear), motherboard (printed circuit board containing principal components of smartphone with connectors for other circuit boards to be slotted into), memory (to store data, movies, photos, videos, songs), transceiver (to transmit and receive communications), radio (to transmit data and to receive data), cell phone radio (that communicate with cell tower, when you make call) wifi radio (to download big files, movies songs etc and they consume less battery as they travel very less distance) bluetooth radio, NFS rado, GPS radio etc. all these components contain some chemical elements of periodic table and when all components are assembled they give you smartphone which you use daily.

Density

DENSITY

Density of many samples is measured in labs for example in unites states oil and gas industry, they define density in general way as 'weight per unit volume' although 'weight per unit volume' is not density it is 'Specific Weight' so density is 'mass per unit volume'. Density is also known as "Volumetric Mass Density". Generally different materials have different density. Chemical element Osmium (Os having atomic number 76) is naturally occurring densest element. To simplify the comparison of densities of different materials or liquids it is needed to replace density with "relative density" as relative density is dimensionless quantity. Relative Density is also called "Specific Gravity". Specific gravity or relative density is the ratio of density of sample material to the density of standard material. Generally water is taken as standard material. If we take water as standard material than if we get relative density of a material is less than '1' means that material floats in water. Water has highest density at 4 °C i.e. 1000Kg/m3.
Density of material depends on the temperature and pressure. Effect of temperature and pressure is very less on solid and liquid but effect of temperature and pressure is very high on gases. If we increase pressure on given material than its volume get decrease that result in increase in density, similarly If we decrease pressure on given material than its volume get increase that result in decrease in density. And in case of temperature, if we increase temperature on given material than its volume get increase that result in decrease in density, similarly if we decrease temperature on given material than its volume get decrease that result in increase in density. But their are some exceptions which do not follow these rules, one of them is water means when temperature of water decreases than it makes solid ice which float on liquid water as ice have less density than liquid water i.e. Density of ice is 916.7 Kg/m3 at 0 °C, and water has a density of 999.8 Kg/m³ at 0 °C.

Definition of Density

                           Density of a material is defined as its mass per unit volume.

Symbol of Density

                             Symbol of density is 'ρ' or 'D' and pronounces as 'rho'.

Formula of Density

                             Density = Mass/Volume
or,
           ρ = m/V
where,
           ρ is density, m is mass and V is volume.
  • When numerator (mass) is much larger than denominator (volume) in density formula, that shows the given substance has higher density, but when denominator (volume) is much larger than the numerator (mass), that shows the given substance has lower density.

SI Unit of Density

                             SI Unit of Density is Kg/m3 or g/cm3

Instruments used to measure Density

Hydrometer and Thermometer is used to measure the density of liquids.
Hydrometer to measure Density
Hydrometer


Hydrometer dip in mineral oil and engine oil to measure the Density of these samples
Hydrometer dip in mineral oil and engine oil to measure the Density of these samples


Density Chart

Material
Density (Kg/m3)
Remark
Air
1.2
At sea level
Milk
1027 to 1033
At 20 oC
Honey
1420
At 20 oC
Coconut Oil
925
At 15 oC
Cotton Seed Oil
926
At 16 oC
Olive Oil
918
At 15 oC
Sunflower Oil
919
At 20 oC
Rice Bran Oil
918
At 20 oC
Groundnut Oil
913
At 20 oC
Liquid Hydrogen
70
At about -255 oC
Ice
916.7
At 0 oC
Fresh Water
1000
At 4 oC
Plastics
1175
Approx for PVC
Glycerol
1261
Also called Glycerine or Glycerin
Aluminium
2700
Chief ore of Aluminium is Bauxite
Diamond
3500
Precious stone
Zinc
7000
Zinc is found in cells throughout the body.
Iron
7870
Used since ancient times
Cobalt
8900
Found in the Earth's crust only in chemically combined form
Nickel
8900
Silvery-white lustrous metal
copper
8940
Very high thermal and electrical conductivity
Silver
10500
Highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity
Lead
11340
Soft, malleable, and heavy metal
Mercury
13546
Only metallic element that is liquid at room temperature
Uranium
18800
weakly radioactive because all its isotopes are unstable
Iridium
22420
Densest naturally occurring element
Osmium
22570
Densest naturally occurring element


Older Posts

Subscribe To Get Latest Updates

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Like Share and Comment to Support and Motivate us to write more…

Branches of Chemistry

Chemistry is branch of Science, which is further divided into many branches like-

Popular Posts

Chemistry GK

© Copyright Chemistry Notes Info - Notes for 9, 10, 11, 12, BSc, MSc, Science Quiz, Chemistry GK, Infographics Published.. Blogger Templates
Back To Top